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教师招聘-西方经典文学典故与英文写作的融合(2)

2020-04-21 11:10:13 教师考试网 http://hi.huatu.com/ 文章来源:华图教育

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教师招聘-西方经典文学典故与英文写作的融合(2)

  英文写作是教师招聘考试中的必考题目,旨在综合考察考生的综合英语素养,很多考生在平时练习的过程中,苦于表达方式的单调、素材内容的匮乏以及写作模板的局限;考生若想要突破自己的写作瓶颈,积累一定的西方文化知识非常有必要;为此,华图教师精心罗列梳理西方文学常见典故常识,融合招教英文写作真题,为我们的写作添加西方文化素养,提升文化档次。本篇文章将继续结合教师招聘考试真题为大家推荐英语写作中那些高频的典故。

  1.

阿基琉斯之踵(Achilles' Heel)

  典故背景介绍:When Achilles was a baby, it was foretold that he would die young. To prevent his death, his mother took him to the River Styx, which was supposed to offer powers of invulnerability, and dipped his body into the water; however, as Thetis was held Achilles by the heel, his heel was not washed over by the water of the magical river. Achilles grew up to be a man of war who survived many great battles. One day, a poisonous arrow shot at him was lodged in his heel, killing him shortly afterwards --希腊神话英雄唯一能被刺伤的地方,他出生后,母亲海洋女神握着他的脚跟在冥河里浸泡,全身上下金刚不死,除了被握住的脚踝,他的脚踝也成了他唯一的致命伤。

  寓意:比喻易受伤害的地方或者致命(a weakness in spite of overall strength, which can actually or potentially lead to downfall)

  适用情况: 完美物体、事物或者情形存在的唯一不足之处、瑕疵或者弱点

真题再现1: Chinese style education

  e.g. Tiger-typed parents tend to be highly self-disciplined, organized, aggressive and invincible at work, but when it comes to family life, the education of their children becomes their Achilles' heel.

  真题再现2: automobile and our life

  e.g. The increasing emergency/availability of automobile coming at an affordable price for most people not only makes our life more convenient, but also propels the economic development. Unfortunately, the rising emission and heavy traffic caused by it is seen as its Achilles' heel.

  2. 达摩克利斯之剑(the sword of Damocles)