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教师招聘-如何用教育心理学理论武装我们的英文写作(1)

2020-04-21 09:43:08 教师考试网 http://hi.huatu.com/ 文章来源:华图教育

  【导读】华图海南教师考试网同步华图教育发布:教师招聘-如何用教育心理学理论武装我们的英文写作(1),详细信息请阅读下文!如有疑问请加【2020教师考试交流平台】 ,更多资讯请关注海南华图微信公众号( hthnjszp ),海南教师培训咨询电话:0898-66769773.

教师招聘-如何用教育心理学理论武装我们的英文写作(1)

  广大考生在英语写作过程中,常常会为了如何论证某一个观点或者某一现象出现的原因而煞费苦心,往往采取的办法是用套话解释套话,显得格外苍白无力,还不具有说服力。如果脑海中能储备一些常见的教育学心理学理论,在遇到相关写作话题时,一定能够手到擒来,快速高效套用。为此,华图教师特地精心罗列高频理论,以期为考生在写作时提供另外一个思路,洞悉现象后面的“心理效应”,让在考场上呈现的作文更显高大上。

  晕轮效应(halo effect)

中文含义:

  指在对人的某些品质、特征形成了清晰、鲜明的印象后,掩盖了其余品质、特征的知觉。这是以偏概全,“一俊遮百丑”、“一坏百坏”。即当一个人对另一个人的主要品质、特征形成良好或不良印象后,就会影响他对这个人的其余一切不良或好的看法,好像一个人的头一旦被照亮了,全身都是光亮的一样。

  Ø 英文释义

  The halo effect is a cognitive bias in which an observer's partial impression of a person, company, brand, or product influences the observer's overall feelings and thoughts about that entity's character or properties.

  Ø 实战应用:

  1. 教师对学生(how to be a good teacher? Treat every student equally + give an objective appraisal of each student, no matter whether they are good or poor at study;

  In the classroom, teachers are subject/prone to the halo effect rating error when evaluating their students. For example, a teacher who sees a well-behaved student might tend to assume this student is also bright, diligent, and engaged before the teacher has objectively evaluated the student's capacity in these areas. Likewise, when teacher sees a student as naughty and ill-behaved, he is likely to be classified as clumsy, lazy and irresponsible. When these types of halo effects occur, they can affect students' approval ratings in certain areas of functioning and can even affect students' grades."

  2.家长对孩子

  (有一种孩子是所有家长都想要的孩子)